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Authors = Oluremi A. Famodu ORCID = 0000-0002-6324-7305

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Open AccessArticle Self-Reported vs. Measured Height, Weight, and BMI in Young Adults
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(10), 2216; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102216
Received: 6 September 2018 / Revised: 5 October 2018 / Accepted: 8 October 2018 / Published: 11 October 2018
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 653 | PDF Full-text (732 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Self-reported height and weight, if accurate, provide a simple and economical method to track changes in body weight over time. Literature suggests adults tend to under-report their own weight and that the gap between self-reported weight and actual weight increases with obesity. This [...] Read more.
Self-reported height and weight, if accurate, provide a simple and economical method to track changes in body weight over time. Literature suggests adults tend to under-report their own weight and that the gap between self-reported weight and actual weight increases with obesity. This study investigates the extent of discrepancy in self-reported height, weight, and subsequent Body Mass Index (BMI) versus actual measurements in young adults. Physically measured and self-reported height and weight were taken from 1562 students. Male students marginally overestimated height, while females were closer to target. Males, on average, closely self-reported weight. Self-reported anthropometrics remained statistically correlated to actual measures in both sexes. Categorical variables of calculated BMI from both self-reported and actual height and weight resulted in significant agreement for both sexes. Researcher measured BMI (via anthropometric height and weight) and sex were both found to have association with self-reported weight while only sex was related to height difference. Regression examining weight difference and BMI was significant, specifically with a negative slope indicating increased BMI led to increased underestimation of weight in both sexes. This study suggests self-reported anthropometric measurements in young adults can be used to calculate BMI for weight classification purposes. Further investigation is needed to better assess self-reported vs measured height and weight discrepancies across populations. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances of Adolescents and Children Health Research)
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<p>Simple linear regression of weight and height differences on BMI. (<bold>a</bold>) Plot of regression examining weight difference and BMI relationship. (<bold>b</bold>) Plot of regression examining height difference and BMI relationship.</p>
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<p>ANCOVA of weight and height differences on BMI for males and females. (<bold>a</bold>) ANCOVA model examining weight difference and BMI relationship among genders. (<bold>b</bold>) ANCOVA model examining height difference and BMI relationship among genders.</p>
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Open AccessArticle eB4CAST: An Evidence-Based Tool to Promote Dissemination and Implementation in Community-Based, Public Health Research
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(10), 2142; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102142
Received: 6 September 2018 / Revised: 25 September 2018 / Accepted: 26 September 2018 / Published: 29 September 2018
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 873 | PDF Full-text (7372 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
eB4CAST, evidence-Based forecast C-capture, A-assemble, S-sustain, T-timelessness (eB4CAST), framework was developed from existing dissemination and implementation (D & I) constructs as a dissemination tool to promote community-based program usability and future application in targeted populations. eB4CAST captures and transforms research findings into a [...] Read more.
eB4CAST, evidence-Based forecast C-capture, A-assemble, S-sustain, T-timelessness (eB4CAST), framework was developed from existing dissemination and implementation (D & I) constructs as a dissemination tool to promote community-based program usability and future application in targeted populations. eB4CAST captures and transforms research findings into a dissemination report that shows program need and impact to endorse program continuation and expansion. This is achieved through direct and indirect data collection of community factors and program impact that can showcase the need for program sustainability and potential for future dissemination sites. Testimonials, individual feedback, and program process and outcomes contribute to the direct data while data collected from census, county, and state databases and reports allow for indirect information to be captured and analyzed. Capturing data in the two levels allow eB4CAST to forecast program need and highlight program impact through a footprint. eB4CAST framework for dissemination tool creation is organized into four sections: Capture, Assemble, Sustainability, and Timelessness. Capture encompasses the collection of indirect and direct data related to intervention goals. Assemble is the compilation of the data into a visually appealing and easily understood media. Sustainability encourages the use of dissemination tools to provide forecast of program need and footprint of program impact back to community participants, program leaders, and key stakeholders to endorse program sustainability. Lastly, timelessness encourages cyclic movement through these constructs to continue program monitoring and data sharing to ensure timeless program evaluation and conformation to change in needs. The eB4CAST framework provides a systematic method to capture justification of program need and impact of community-based research that can be modified to fit diverse public health interventions providing a necessary D & I tool. Full article
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<p>eB4CAST framework constructs.</p>
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<p>Sample eB4CAST infographic reports from iCook 4-H.</p>
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<p>Sample eB4CAST infographic reports from GetFruved.</p>
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Open AccessArticle “Your Body Feels Better When You Drink Water”: Parent and School-Age Children’s Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Cognitions
Nutrients 2018, 10(9), 1232; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10091232
Received: 15 August 2018 / Revised: 30 August 2018 / Accepted: 2 September 2018 / Published: 5 September 2018
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1357 | PDF Full-text (261 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are a leading source of added sugar in the American diet. Further, ingestion of added sugars from SSBs exceeds recommendations. Thus, interventions that effectively reduce SSB consumption are needed. Focus group discussions with parents (n = 37) and school-aged [...] Read more.
Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are a leading source of added sugar in the American diet. Further, ingestion of added sugars from SSBs exceeds recommendations. Thus, interventions that effectively reduce SSB consumption are needed. Focus group discussions with parents (n = 37) and school-aged children between the ages of 6 and 11 years (n = 41) from Florida, New Jersey, and West Virginia were led by trained moderators using Social Cognitive Theory as a guide. Trends and themes that emerged from the content analysis of the focus group data indicated that both parents and children felt that limiting SSBs was important to health and weight control. However, parents and children reported consuming an average of 1.85 ± 2.38 SD and 2.13 ± 2.52 SD SSB servings/week, respectively. Parents and children were aware that parent behaviors influenced kids, but parents reported modeling healthy SSB behaviors was difficult. Busy schedules, including more frequent parties and events as children get older, were another barrier to limiting SSBs. Parents were most successful at limiting SSBs when they were not in the house. This qualitative research provides novel insights into parents’ and children’s cognitions (e.g., beliefs, attitudes), barriers, and facilitators related to SSB ingestion. Consideration of these insights during nutrition intervention development has the potential to improve intervention effectiveness in reducing SSB intake. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Impact of Beverages on Ingestive Behavior) Printed Edition available
Open AccessArticle Neck Circumference Positively Relates to Cardiovascular Risk Factors in College Students
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1480; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071480
Received: 18 June 2018 / Revised: 9 July 2018 / Accepted: 11 July 2018 / Published: 13 July 2018
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 887 | PDF Full-text (522 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between neck circumference (NC) and other anthropometric measures and examine cut-off points for males and females according to existing waist circumference cut-off levels in this age group. Across 8 universities, 1562 students underwent [...] Read more.
The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between neck circumference (NC) and other anthropometric measures and examine cut-off points for males and females according to existing waist circumference cut-off levels in this age group. Across 8 universities, 1562 students underwent a physical assessment. Spearman rho correlations (ρ) were calculated to determine associations between NC and other continuous variables of health. Receiving operating characteristic curves were constructed to assess the optimal cut-off levels of NC of males and females with central obesity. Participants were predominantly Caucasian (67%), female (70%), and outside of Appalachia (82%). Forty-one percent of males and 34% of females had a BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2. In both sexes, significant positive correlations were seen between NC and body weight, BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference, and systolic blood pressure (all p-values < 0.0001). NC ≥ 38 cm for males and ≥33.5 cm for females were the optimal cut-off values to determine subjects with central obesity. NC has been identified to closely correlate with other anthropometric measurements related to disease and could be used as a convenient, low-cost, and noninvasive measurement in large-scale studies. Full article
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<p>Receiving operating characteristics (ROC) curves determined from the neck circumference and central obesity (waist circumference &gt;102 cm in males (<bold>left</bold>) and &gt;88 cm females (<bold>right</bold>)).</p>
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Open AccessArticle Development of iGrow: A Curriculum for Youth/Adult Dyads to Increase Gardening Skills, Culinary Competence, and Family Meal Time for Youths and Their Adult Caregivers
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1401; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071401
Received: 15 May 2018 / Revised: 18 June 2018 / Accepted: 26 June 2018 / Published: 3 July 2018
Viewed by 1249 | PDF Full-text (308 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
This manuscript describes the development of a “learn by actively participating” curriculum for youth and their adult caregivers (dyad pair) to increase gardening skills, culinary competence, and family meal time. The curriculum was developed by integrating “iCook 4-H” and Junior Masters Gardener “Health [...] Read more.
This manuscript describes the development of a “learn by actively participating” curriculum for youth and their adult caregivers (dyad pair) to increase gardening skills, culinary competence, and family meal time. The curriculum was developed by integrating “iCook 4-H” and Junior Masters Gardener “Health and Nutrition from the Garden”, and “Essential Elements of 4-H Youth Development” curriculums with additional resources for gardening activities from the USDA’s My Plate and garden-based recipes. Expert reviewers (n = 11) provided feedback on the curriculum content, session structure, dosage, age appropriateness, and balance of the three focused areas. Seven family dyads (n = 14) participated in focus groups about understanding of need, interest, barriers, and potential engagement. A 10-week curriculum was developed and named: iGrow. The curriculum is a hands on, active learning program delivered through five, two-hour sessions using a family dyad model. Three main focus areas included gardening, culinary skills, and family conversation/interaction that all focused on togetherness. For the final iGrow curriculum, expert-level content review and feedback from focus group dyad pairs was used to revise the curriculum which further enhanced the approach and balance of the curriculum content. Focus group feedback supported appropriateness, dosage and learning objectives, and content depth. This curriculum has been developed to provide knowledge of gardening and culinary skills with the goal of increased consumption of fruit and vegetables. Full article
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)

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