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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1480; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071480

极速赛车玩法规则:Neck Circumference Positively Relates to Cardiovascular Risk Factors in College Students

1
Division of Animal and Nutritional Sciences, West Virginia University, 1194 Evansdale Dr., Agricultural Sciences Building, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
2
Department of Nutrition, The University of Tennessee, 1215 W. Cumberland Avenue, 229 Jessie Harris Building, Knoxville, TN 37996-1920, USA
3
Department of Business Analytics and Statistics, The University of Tennessee, 916 Volunteer Blvd., Knoxville, TN 37996-1920, USA
4
Office of Statistics, West Virginia University, Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Design, West Virginia Agriculture and Forestry Experiment Station, 1194 Evansdale Dr., Agricultural Sciences Building, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
5
Department of Nutritional Sciences, Rutgers University, 26 Nichol Ave., New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
6
Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, University of Florida, 572 Newell Dr., 359 FSHN Building, P.O. Box 110370, Gainesville, FL 32611-0370, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 June 2018 / Revised: 9 July 2018 / Accepted: 11 July 2018 / Published: 13 July 2018

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between neck circumference (NC) and other anthropometric measures and examine cut-off points for males and females according to existing waist circumference cut-off levels in this age group. Across 8 universities, 1562 students underwent a physical assessment. Spearman rho correlations (ρ) were calculated to determine associations between NC and other continuous variables of health. Receiving operating characteristic curves were constructed to assess the optimal cut-off levels of NC of males and females with central obesity. Participants were predominantly Caucasian (67%), female (70%), and outside of Appalachia (82%). Forty-one percent of males and 34% of females had a BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2. In both sexes, significant positive correlations were seen between NC and body weight, BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference, and systolic blood pressure (all p-values < 0.0001). NC ≥ 38 cm for males and ≥33.5 cm for females were the optimal cut-off values to determine subjects with central obesity. NC has been identified to closely correlate with other anthropometric measurements related to disease and could be used as a convenient, low-cost, and noninvasive measurement in large-scale studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: neck circumference; young adult; risk factor; obesity neck circumference; young adult; risk factor; obesity
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Figure 1
<p>Receiving operating characteristics (ROC) curves determined from the neck circumference and central obesity (waist circumference &gt;102 cm in males (<bold>left</bold>) and &gt;88 cm females (<bold>right</bold>)).</p> ">
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Famodu, O.A.; Barr, M.L.; Colby, S.E.; Zhou, W.; Holásková, I.; Leary, M.P.; Byrd-Bredbenner, C.; Mathews, A.E.; Olfert, M.D. Neck Circumference Positively Relates to Cardiovascular Risk Factors in College Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1480.

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